infectious agents

Infectious Chronic Inflammatory Diseases

A short quiz on the murky connection between infection and inflammation. While still controversial, there seems to be growing evidence that there is a link between all inflammatory diseases and infectious agents. The question that arises is are they all forms of chronic infection.

Please choose the best answer


1. Aspergillus flavus is a common mold or fungus. Certain strains produce aflatoxin, which is a most potent natural
 Halogen     B. Mutagen    C. Antigen   D.  Carcinogen E. Hallucinogen 

2. Cervical cancer starts in the cervix, the lower part of the womb (uterus) that opens at the top of the vagina. Most of the time, there are no symptoms early on, which is why pap smears are essential.  _______________ seems to be crucial  in the progression of almost all cases of cervical cancers
A.  Periodontal  or Oral Bacteria  B. Helicobacter pylori   C. Human Papillomaviruses D. Borelia burgdorferi  

3. Peptic ulcers are the most common ulcer  of the gastrointestinal tract  usually acidic and very painful.  In 2005, Barry Marshall and Robin Warren won awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discovery that peptic ulcer disease (PUD) was primarily caused by

A.  Periodontal  or Oral Bacteria   B. Helicobacter pylori   C.  Human Papillomaviruses   D. Borelia burgdorferi  

4. Helminth infections or worms, like Schistosoma haematobium and Opisthorchis viverrini, are carcinogenic to humans, while others can 
A. Facilitate malignancies B. Prion   C. Prevent cancer D. Virus   E. Fungus 

5.  Not all of Rheumatoid Arthritis has been linked to this or other pathogens. Nevertheless, at least one type of Arthritis is caused by
A. Periodontal  or Oral Bacteria   B.  Helicobacter pylori   C. Human Papillomaviruses     D. Borelia burgdorferi   

6. No matter what inflammatory disease occurs the human body initiates an anti- infectious strategy known as Iron Withholding 
A. True   B. False   

7.   Helicobacter pylori  has been shown to be also linked to the development of  stomach cancer. True or false: strangely enough, over 80 percent of individuals infected with H. Pylori  are asymptomatic and some suspect that this bacterium plays a role in the natural ecology of our stomach.
A. True   B.False 

8. There are many forms of Dementia and one of them, Creutzfeldt–Jakob is transmissible. The infectious protein is called a  _____________
A. Facilitate malignancies   B. Prion   C. Prevent cancer     D.Virus E. Fungus

9.  Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease  ,  where an artery wall thickens with the accumulation of fatty materials such as cholesterol, is classified as a chronic inflammatory arterial response caused largely by the accumulation of macrophage white blood cells . The culprits are supposedly  low-density lipoproteins  Yet in the plaque that is formed has been found

A. Periodontal  or Oral Bacteria     B. Helicobacter Pylori  C. Human Papillomaviruses  D. Borelia burgdorferi  

10.  The bacteria Borelia burgdorferi   also produces  myocarditis, cardiomyopathy, arrythmias, arthralgia, meningitis, neuropathies and facial nerve palsy
A True.      B. False

Bonus Question: Name some diseases where Candida and other Opportunistic Fungal Pathogens make an appearance in their terminal stages.


Suggested reading:

A New Germ Theory
Infectious Etiology of Chronic Diseases

Ce texte © 2012 Christopher Yukna - tous droits réservés
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At National Geographic: Infectious disease quiz      At Healia: Infectious Diseases

Christopher YUKNA 
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